Declaration of IndependenceAdopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 4 1776 which was pretty much as an announcement to Great Britain with whom the colonies was at war with at the time. This announcement was to declare to Kingdom of Great Britain that the thirteen newly formed colonies were independent & sovereign states and will no-longer follow British rule.
Passed on July 2 with no opposition vote John Adams was one of the main leaders that was pushing for independence. He also convinced the committee of five to commission Thomas Jefferson to write the original draft which congress would then edit to produce the final version.
To put it simply the declaration was a formal explanation from congress as to why they voted for independence on July 2 from Great Britain a little more than a year after the revolutionary war had started.
John Adams wrote to his wife Abigail: "The Second Day of July 1776, will be the most memorable Epocha, in the History of America."But the national birthday,Independence Day, is celebrated on July 4, the date that the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Currently the best known version of the Declaration of Independence, a signed copy that is regarded as the official document & is displayed at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.